The world is currently fighting two global wars right now. One is to slow down the spread of the novel coronavirus, and the other is climate change.
Though there is no news for the vaccine of COVID-19, scientists have shown a silver lining in regards to fighting climate change. Many attempts are being made to heal the world from global warming, but there is no possible solution yet.
However, European researchers made the world hopeful with a claim that peatlands can save the environment.
Peatlands are one of the types of wetlands that cover over 3% of the world’s land. It is called peatland because the dead plant becomes peats instead of decomposing due to the waterlogging conditions.
According to scientists and researchers, if we restore dried peatland and protect the present ones, we can achieve success to curb climate change and limit around 2-degree celsius that is caused due to post-industrial warming.
They also claimed although the peatlands cover only 3% of the world’s surface, the thick layers underneath would be a sufficient, long term solution to climate change.
The author of the study, Alexander Popp has emphasized, if we are unable to restore and protect these peatlands, it would become nearly impossible to clear the environment from greenhouse gas emissions.
Moreover, the study also shows devastating effects on the environment if peatlands dry out. This claim was supported by a peat fire incident in Indonesia that occurred in September and October of 2015.
The bogs were dried out due to palm oil plantations and other agricultural purposes. However, the dried land caused a sudden fire, due to which it released a heavy amount of carbon dioxide. It is estimated that the amount of carbon dioxide that was released in Indonesia in one day was equal to all the fossil fuels burned in the whole of Europe.
Furthermore, the study also highlighted, to prevent fire and limit the release of carbon dioxide, it is important to restore the dried peatlands by letting them get wet again. While protecting the remaining wet peatlands.
This study has brought a little sigh of relief for the climate change advocates and rigorous work is being done to restore the longevity of environmental well-being.