If you need to find out how healthy a nation’s economy is, then looking up that country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the way to go. For those of you who are unaware, a country’s GDP helps in keeping track of the financial value of all the services and products produced within that country between a specific time period. It is the sum of government spending, private investment, personal spending, and exports.
As per the International Monetary Fund, the USA emerged as the biggest global economic force in 2019. So, let’s dive a bit more into this and go through the US Economy growth rate by year.
The Annual US GDP Growth Rate
The biggest economy worldwide in the year 2019 was that of the US. However, that doesn’t indicate that the GDP growth rate has been increasing all these years. In fact, the said growth rate has been bouncing back and forth for a couple of decades now.
Speaking specifically about last year, the US GDP growth rate was recorded at 2.33%. While this percentage was sufficient to put the US above the rest of the countries in terms of economic health, what many people failed to notice was that this 2.33% growth rate was down 0.85% from the last year.
Moreover, what’s concerning is the fact that the US was averaging impressive GDP growth rates back in the 50s and 60s with percentages over four.
US GDP Growth Rate by the Year – Key Takeaways
In 1984, the US recorded a whopping GDP growth rate of 7.24%. While it seems like a gigantic figure in the current times, it was only a 2.65% increase from the year prior.
Interestingly, the growth rate recorded in the years 1986 and 1987 were the same (3.46%). A significant blow to the economy occurred in the year 1991 when the GDP growth rate dropped below zero (-0.11%). However, the US bounced back a year later with a whopping 3.63% increase.
2000 was the final year with the GDP growth rate above the four percent mark (4.13%). In a shocking turn of events, the rate dropped by 3.13% in a year. By 2004, the economy was back above the 3.5%+ mark.
When it comes to the last decade, it kicked off on a strong note with the US GDP growth rate reaching 2.56%, a massive year-over-year increase of 5.10%. Five years later, in 2015, the rate climbed up to 2.88%.
Given below are the yearly US GDP growth rates since 2015 as well as the respective changes from the year prior.
- 2015 – GDP growth rate reached 2.88%, up 0.43% from 2014
- 2016 – GDP growth rate fell to 1.57%, down 1.31% from 2015
- 2017 – GDP growth rate climbed to 2.22%, up 0.65% from 2016
- 2018 – GDP growth rate soared to 3.18%, up 0.97% from 2017
- 2019 – GDP growth rate tumbled to 2.33%, down 0.85% from 2018
Impact of COVID-19 on the US Economy
It goes without saying that COVID-19 had a major impact on the GDP. In fact, the hit suffered by the US economy in the wake of the aforementioned pandemic has proven to be as big as the one that led the nation to the Great Depression.